Before we move on to the next church tomorrow let’s have the look at the cupola of the church. It’s not only gives the church a beautiful exterior look. It also brings very beautiful light into the church. The cupola is very sparse decorated on the inside only a golden sun in the middle. At the bottom of the cupola there is quotes from the bible in every four directions. Simple but very beautiful IMO! Tomorrow we another interesting church at Östermalm, the Church of Engelbrekt.
Tag Archives: Queen
Today we look at some more beautiful inventories in the Church of Hedvig Eleonora. The present pipe organ is the 6th in the church’s history. It’s built by Grönlunds Orgelbyggeri, delivered 1976, and has 58 organ stops. However 20 of those organ stops are remains from three of the organ’s predecessors. The facade of the organ remains as it was originally built after Carl Fredrik Adelcrantz’s design in 1762. To the left you can see the baptismal chapel with the stained glass window called “Andreaskorst”, “The Andrew Cross”, made by Bengt Olof Kälde 1936.
Today we take a closer look at the altar in the Church of Hedvig Eleonora. The gilded altar is a gift from the ironmaster Johan Clason. It’s made by the master builder Georg Fröman after Göran Josuae Adelcrantz ’s design and was consecrated on All Saints’ Day 1747. The altarpiece ”Jesus korsfästelse”, ” The crucifixion of Jesus”, is painted by the artist Georg Engelhard Schröder.
I said in yesterday’s post that Hedvig Eleonora is one of my absolute favorite churches in Stockholm. This is mainly because of its sparse but very stylish interior decoration. I also think that the colours, green, purple and gold harmonise very well together.
On the HDR-pictures below you can see the pulpit which is designed by Jean Eric Rehn in classical style and was consecrated on the Christmas day 1784. Among those who have preached from this pulpit you may notice Erik Bergman. Erik served as minister at the Church of Hedvig Eleonora between 1934 to 1964. However he’s probably not remembered mostly for his services at the church but for the fact that he’s the father of Ingmar Bergman.
On the west side of the Church of Hedvig Eleonora there are two burial chambers located. These extensions of the church were originally intended be two towers. fortunately this plan was changed during construction. I believe this was a very good decision because, IMO, two towers would probably not harmonise with the rest of the church but these beautiful burial chambers do! I made a brief summery of the history behind the Church of Hedvig Eleonora. You can read it below the HDR-picture of one of the burial chambers.
Today Östermalm is a fashionable district of Stockholm with wealthy inhabitants and the highest housing prices in Sweden. But it hasn’t always been like this in the 1600’s this was the place where mostly poor people lived. The district, then called Ladugårdsgärdet, was also the home of the Admiralty. While the mariners had their own church at Kyrkholmen, the present Blasieholmen, the civilians at had to walk across the water to the Church of Saint Jacob for their religious services. As you can understand the need for a bigger church at Ladugårdsgärdet was great and in 1664 it was decided to build one. Kyrkholmen was too small to accommodate a larger church so the Admralty’s graveyard at Ladugårdsgärdet was the chosen location for the new church which was to be named after the dowager queen Hedvig Eleonora.
Jean de la Vallée, who also built the Church of Catherine at Södermalm, designed the octagonal church with the pulpit and the altar placed in the middle. This was a unique church design for in Sweden at this time. Jean de la Vallée might have got his inspiration from oriental octagonal shaped churches but this is pure speculation. The building of the church started in 1669 but was stopped six years later due to lack of funds. A provisional church made of wood was built in the same graveyard which provided religious services for the inhabitants at Ladugårdsgärdet.
After 50 years of decay the building of Hedvig Eleonora’s church was resumed under the guidence of Göran Josuae Adelcrantz. Jean de la Vallée’s original exterior design was mainly retained but the interior was changed and got a more traditional look with the altar and pulpit placed in the east end of the church. Then the Church of Hedvig Eleonora was consecrated in 1737 the roof was still not completed. Instead it was provisionally covered with boards. In 1755 the building of two towers were started on the west end of the church. However these two towers, designed by Carl Fredrik Adelcrantz, never were completed. Instead they were made into two burial chambers in 1792. The building of a cupola, as a replacement for the provisional roof, was started in 1865. The cupola, designed by Fredrik Wilhelm Scho¬landers, significantly differs from Jean de la Vallée’s original design. The cupola was completed in 1868 and the exterior look of Hedvig Eleonora hasn’t been changed since then. However the interior of the church has been modified twice in two major renovations, 1892 and 1944. Tomorrow we take a look inside Hedvig Eleonora and we’ll see if you agree with me that this is one of Stockholm’s most beautiful churches.
Source: Hedvig Eleonora kyrka by Elisabet Jermsten, 2005
Time to wake up!!! I think this blog have slept long enough now and are ready to take us on a walk through some more beautiful churches. This time we take a closer look at churches located in Östermalm, the eastern district of central Stockholm. The first church to visit is the oldest church at Östermalm. It’s also one of my absolute favourite among Stockholm’s churches, Hedvig Eleonora kyrka. The church got its name from Hedvig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp, the Queen consort of King Charles X of Sweden. The Church of Hedvig Eleonora is located next to Ötermalmstorg. In the next days I will tell you more about this church and show you more beautiful HDR-pictures from it. In this HDR you can see Hedvig Eleonora’s exterior look viewed from the churchyard.
As I mentioned in yesterday’s post that I think that Sofia kyrka is one of the most beautiful churches in Stockholm. This counts for Sophia’s exterior view, the Neo-Romanesque architecture and its magnificent location. However a look inside is IMO a great disappointment and spoils the whole impression of this church. The original look inside by Olle Hjortzberg was radically changed under a major renovation in the end of the 1940’s. Sweden’s leading church architect of that time, Lars Israel Wahlman, led this renovation. He wanted to bring more harmony into the church’s interior and let the details submit to the whole picture. For example, the frescoes of Olle Hjortzberg where painted over, the stained glass window in the altar wall was removed and walled. However was Olle Hjortzberg’s stained glass window preserved and you can now see it in the wall above the organ. The organ itself was manufactured at Magnussons Orgelbyggeri AB in 1951 and has 26 organ stops.