There’s many churches in Stockholm we haven’t visit yet. I have promised you four chapters in my theme “The Stockholm Church Walk”. So lets take of on episode III and visit the four parishes in Vasastan and their churches. First out is the church named after the Swedish King Adolf Fredrik. On this HDR you can see the ceiling fresco in the cupola of the church. The fresco is painted by the Swedish artist Julius Kronberg and pictures scenes from the Bible. I will tell you more about this church in my next post.
Tag Archives: King
A couple of weeks ago I wrote about and posted a HDR of the Monument to Charles XII in Kungsträdgården in Stockholm. Sometimes that statue ironically is called “The lion surrounded by four cowards”. Just some 100 meters away from that monument you find its counterpart, the Monument to Charles XIII. Consequently this monument is sometimes called “The coward surrounded by four lions”. I’m not sure why Charles XIII is considered as coward but he’s not remembered among the most successful monarchs in the history of our country. He succeeded his nephew Gustav IV Adolf when he was forced to abdicate and go into exile after the loss of Finland to Russia in the Finnish war 1808 – 1809. He also become the King of Norway, as Charles II, when Norway was forced into union with Sweden in 1814. Since his both children with Queen consort Charlotte died at young age he become the last Swedish monarch of the House of Holstein-Gottorp. When he died in 1818 he was succeeded by Jean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte, Marshal in Napoleons French army and the founder of the House of Bernadotte.
Charles XIII may be best remembered as the younger brother of Gustav III of Sweden and the cousin of Catherine the Great of Russia. The statue, at Kungsträdgården, in his memory is made by swedish sculptor Erik Gustaf Göthe and was uncovered in 1821.
Like I mentioned in an earlier post, Stockholm is full of monuments to our Kings. One of the less known Kings is Charles XV. He was the third regent in the House of Bernadotte and reigned Sweden and Norway (as Charles IV) from 1859 to 1872. He was succeeded by his younger brother Oscar II. This statue, made by Gustaf Malmqvist, can be spotted at Djurgården close to the Biological Museum and Skansen.
Today’s upload is another spotting of a monument to a king in Stockholm. This statue pictures Gustav I or as he is commonly known in Sweden as Gustav Vasa. The statue is located in front of Riddarhuset, the Swedish House of Nobility or literally the House of Knights. The statue is made by the French sculptor Pierre Hubert L’Archevêque and was uncovered in 1774. Read more about Gustav Vasa below the HDR-picture.
Gustav Vasa is often considered to be the founder of modern Sweden. In the early 1500’s Sweden was under the rule of the Danish king Christian II, better known as Christian the Tyrant. Technically Sweden was still independent but under the Kalmar Union the Scandinavian Kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden where united and has the same monarch. Gustav led a rebellion against the hated King Christian II that in 1520 had staged the Stockholm Bloodbath. After the coronation of Christian II as Swedish King he had 82 nobles and clergy, accused for heresy, executed. Among the executed was Gustav’s father Erik Johansson (Vasa).
On the 6th of June 1523 Gustav was elected as King of Sweden at the parliament held in my hometown Stängnäs. As a memory of this occasion our national day is celebrated on this date. Eleven days after being elected as King, Gustav Vasa’s army seized Stockholm and in November the same year he controlled the whole of Sweden. However he was not until 1528 before he was crowned as king in Uppsala’s Cathedral. Under Gustav Vasa’s 37 years regime he introduced hereditary monarchy, centralised government, and Protestantism as religion in Sweden. Despite that Gustav was known for ruthless methods and a bad temperament he’s probably the most well-known among Swedish monarchs and often referred to as “The Father of the Nation”.
Yesterday I promised something other than churches in todays upload. In the background you can see the Church of Saint Jacob but the main subject in this HDR is the Monument to Charles XII. However we will visit the Church of Saint Jacob later in Part IV of the Stockholm church walk. I can give you a teaser that it’s a very beautiful church inside. Below the picture you can read about the monument and the Warrior King Charles XII.
It is often said that the history of Sweden is the history of its Kings. Maybe this is true because if you walk around in Stockholm you will find monuments to our Kings everywhere. Actually that would be a good theme to present them all as HDR-pictures here but for now I settle for posting one or two. This monument to Charles XII, Karl XII in Swedish, is located in Kungsträdgården, Stockholm. Charles XII, known as “The Lion of the North” a title he shares with Gustavus Adolphus, spent his whole regime on the battlefield defending the Swedish Empire from a threefold attack made by Denmark, Poland and Russia. In the beginning the brave young Charles was very successful on the battlefield but after 9 years of constant warfare he meet his superior, Peter the Great of Russia, in Poltava. On the 27th of June 1709 the Swedish army, marching towards Moscow, was annihilated and this marked the end of the age as Great Power for Sweden. However Charles managed to escape and after a couple of year in exile in the Ottoman Empire he returned to Sweden just to start a new war against Norway. In his second attempt to conquer Norway, in 1918, he finally meet his fate. Just like Gustavus Adolphus Charles died when his head was penetrated by a projectile. His death is surrounded by uncertainty and it have been suggested that he was murdered by his own men that had grown tired of Charles endless warfare. however it’s most likely that he was hit by a Norwegian bullet. Charles never got married and had no children therefore he was succeeded on the throne of Sweden by his younger sister Ulrika Eleonora .
The monument to Charles XII is made by Johan Peter Molin. Charles points towards east and Russia that always been Sweden’s archrival. Actually there is a popular story among military that “The enemy always comes from east”. In the monument Charles is surrounded by four mortars made in Dresden. The Mortars looks very alike pots and the swedish word for pot, kruka, is synonymous for coward. So the monument is sometimes ironically called “Lejonet omgiven av fyra krukor”, translated to English that would be “The lion surrounded by four cowards. What’s so funny about that??? Well, 100 meters behind there’s another statue of a Swedish King, Charles XIII. Charles XIII is sometimes considered as a coward and his statue is surrounded by four lions. Well It’s not so hard to guess what this statue ironically is called then “Krukan omgiven av fyra lejon”, “The coward surrounded by four lions”. 🙂
The Main attraction at Ångans Dag was without a doubt the steam locomotives of Östra Södermanlands Järnväg. The narrow gauge heritage railway has not less than eleven beautiful steam locomotives in their collection of which seven are operational. On the two HDR-pictures below you can see KM Nelsson being refuelled with water by three members of the crew. KM Nelsson was built in 1914 by AB Motala Verkstad and has a steam engine that generates 120 hp. It was originally in service at Nättraby-Alnaryd-Älmeboda Järnväg. Now it frequently is in traffic on the line Mariefred – Läggesta Nedre.
Östra Södermanlands Järnväg (Eastern Södermanland Railway) is the oldest narrow gauge heritage railway in Sweden. They started their operations on a small scale at the Lina brick works in Södertälje 1959. When the Swedish State Railways closed their traffic on the line between Läggesta and Mariefred in 1964 the society moved their operations to Mariefred and started to rebuild the track from the standard gauge to 600 mm narrow gauge. On the 24th of July 1966 interim traffic started on the new laid track. On the 19th of May the 1968 line was officially inaugurated.
When the old line between Eskilstuna and Södertälje was closed and replaced with a new line in 1996 Östra Södermanlands Järnväg got permission to use of the old line between Läggesta Nedre and Taxinge-Näsby. Having operated this line with railcar for ten years the society decided to rebuild the track to 600 mm narrow gauge. The work started in 2009 and on the 25th of May this year the new laid track between Läggesta Nedre and Taxinge-Näsby was officially inaugurated by the King Carl XVI Gustav.
Östra Södermanlands Järnväg now provides steam-hauled passenger traffic all days of the week during the summer on the line between Mariefred and Taxinge-Näsby.